Legal notices

1. Website presentation.

In accordance with Article 6 of French Law No. 2004-575 of June 21, 2004 regarding confidence in the digital economy, users of the website are hereby informed of the identity of the different parties involved pursuant to its development and monitoring:

Owner: Amandine GNANGUENON – – Emergence (s) 2012, CEAf – EHESS, 96 boulevard Raspail Paris 75006

Creator: Julien Foucher

Translation: Clémence Carpentier

Publication manager: Amandine GNANGUENON – +33 (0)6 86 85 84 42 / +221 77 168 20 62

The publication manager is either an individual or a legal entity.

Webmaster: François GUIZIOU –

Web host: OVH – 2 rue Kellermann – 59100 Roubaix – France.

 2. General terms and conditions of use of the website and the services provided.

Use of the website implies full and complete acceptance of the general terms and conditions of use set forth hereafter. These terms and conditions of use are likely to be modified or supplemented at any time. Users of the website are therefore invited to consult them regularly.

This website is normally accessible to users at all times. Interruptions for technical maintenance may however be decided by, which shall, in this case, endeavor to communicate the dates and times of the intervention to the users beforehand.

The website is regularly updated by Amandine GNANGUENON. Similarly, the legal notices may be modified at any time. They are nevertheless binding on users who are invited to refer to them as often as possible in order to take note of it.

 3. Services provided.

The purpose of the website is to provide information concerning all the company’s business activities.

Amandine GNANGUENON endeavors to provide as precise as possible information on the website. However, she may not be held responsible for omissions, inaccuracies and deficiencies in update, whether of her own doing or of that of third party partners which provide this information to her.

All the information provided on the website is given as an indication, and may change. Moreover, the information appearing on the website is not exhaustive and is subject to modifications that may have been introduced since it was put online.

4. Contractual limitations on technical data.

The website uses JavaScript technology.

The website shall not be held liable for any material damage suffered as a result of its use. Moreover, users undertake to access the website using recent, virus-free equipment and with a latest-generation updated browser.

 5. Intellectual property and infringements.

Amandine GNANGUENON owns the intellectual property rights or holds the rights to use all the elements accessible on the website, in particular texts, images, graphics, logo, icons, sounds, and software.

Any reproduction, representation, modification, publication, adaptation of all or part of the website components, regardless of the means or process used, is prohibited without the prior and written authorization of: Amandine GNANGUENON.

Any unauthorized use of the website or any of its components shall be deemed to constitute an infringement and shall be prosecuted pursuant to Articles L.335-2 et seq. of the French Intellectual Property Code.

 6. Limitations of liability.

Amandine GNANGUENON shall not be held liable for direct and indirect damage caused to users’ equipment while accessing the website, and resulting either from the use of equipment that does not meet the specifications set forth in point 4, or from the appearance of a bug or incompatibility.

Amandine GNANGUENON shall also not be held liable for indirect damage (such as loss of business or loss of an opportunity) owing to use of the website.

Interactive areas (questions can be asked in the contact area) are available to users. Amandine GNANGUENON reserves the right to remove, without prior formal notice, any content in this area which violates French Law, particularly provisions regarding data protection. Where applicable, Amandine GNANGUENON also reserves the possibility to invoke the civil and/or penal liability of users, in particular for cases of racist, offensive, defamatory, or pornographic message, regardless of the medium used (text, photo, etc.).

 7. Personal data management.

In France, personal data is protected by Act No. 78-87 of January 6, 1978, Act No. 2004-801 of August 6, 2004, Act L. 226-13 of the Penal code and the European Directive of October 24, 1995.

When using the website, the following data may be gathered: the URL of the links via which the users accessed the website, the users’ internet service provider, and the users’ internet protocol address.

In any case, Amandine GNANGUENON only collects personal data about users for the purpose of certain services provided by the website. Users provide this data with full knowledge of the facts, in particular when they enter the data themselves. At that point, users of the website are informed of whether providing this data is obligatory or not.

In accordance with the provisions of Articles 38 et seq. of Act 78-17 of January 6, 1978 on data processing, data files and individual liberties, users have a right of access, rectification and opposition to personal data concerning them by making a written and signed request, accompanied by a copy of an identity document bearing the holder’s signature, and specifying the address to which the reply should be sent.

No personal data concerning users of the website will be published, exchanged, transferred, given or sold to any third party medium whatsoever without the user’s knowledge. Only in the event of Amandine GNANGUENON’s rights being bought out would enable said information to be transmitted to the potential buyer which would be in turn bound by the same obligation to store and modify data regarding the users.

The website has not be declared to the CNIL (France’s National Information Technology and Civil Liberties commission) as it does not collect personal data.

The databases are protected by the provisions of the Act of July 1, 1998, transposing Directive 96/9 of March 11, 1996 on the legal protection of databases.

 8. Hypertext links and cookies.

The website contains a certain number of hypertext links to other websites, set up with the authorization of Amandine GNANGUENON. However, Amandine GNANGUENON is unable to verify the content of the websites visited using these links, and therefore shall not assume any liability in this respect.

Browsing on the website may cause cookies to be installed on the users’ computer. A cookie is a small file that does not enable users’ identification, but which records data about a computer’s browsing on a website. The purpose of the obtained data is to facilitate subsequent browsing of the website, and also to enable various traffic measurements.

Refusal to install a cookie may mean that certain services will be unavailable. Users may however configure their computers as follows in order to block the installation of cookies:

For Internet Explorer: Tools tab / Internet options. Click on Privacy and choose Block all cookies. Click on Ok.

For Netscape: Edit menu / Preferences. Click on Advanced and choose Disable cookies. Click on Ok.

 9. Applicable law and assignment of jurisdiction.

Any litigation arising from use of the website shall be governed by French law. The competent courts of Paris shall have exclusive jurisdiction.

 10. The main legislation involved.

Act No. 78-87 of January 6, 1978, particularly as amended by Act No. 2004-801 of August 6, 2004 on data processing, data files and individual liberties.

Act No. 2004-575 of June 21, 2004 on confidence in the digital economy.

 11. Glossary.

User: Net browser connecting to and using the aforementioned website.

Personal data: “data which enables, in any form whatsoever, directly or indirectly, the identification of the individuals to whom it applies” (Article 4 of Act No. 78-17 of January 6, 1978).