Warlords, Intervention, and State Consolidation: An Analysis of Political Orders in Weak and Failed States

Security Studies, Volume 25, Issue 1, 2016.

International actors seem incapable of stabilizing failed states and establishing political order in countries like Iraq, Somalia, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Despite increased efforts to bolster failed states over the past two decades, many states in the international system still exhibit endemic weakness. External intervention often leads to political instability and a failure to foster state consolidation rather than empowering and creating ties. This article explores the political orders that explain the varying degrees of state consolidation and provides a basis for systematic comparative analysis. Based on extensive fieldwork in Afghanistan, this article demonstrates why failed states are unlikely to consolidate and exhibit Western-style state-building as a result of intervention.


Dr Romain Malejacq

Romain Malejacq has been Assistant Professor at the Centre for International Conflict Analysis […]